All potential applicants must be a citizen of the UK, the Republic of Ireland or a Commonwealth country (or a holder of dual nationality in respect of any of the above).

There is a statutory retirement age of 70 for judges and Justices of the Peace.

Judges in England and Wales tend to be older than their counterparts in other countries as they are expected to have a career in law prior to sitting on the bench. Judges must have had a right of audience for a certain number of years before taking up the position.