Executive (Government) Emergency Powers
The Civil Contingencies Act 2004, and accompanying non-legislative measures, is separated into two substantive parts:
Local arrangements for civil protection and emergency powers.
Brought into force in December 2004 it, updates the Emergency Powers Act 1920 to reflect developments in the intervening years and the current and future risk profile. It allows for the making of temporary special legislation (emergency regulations) to help deal with the most serious of emergencies. The use of emergency powers is a last resort option. Their use is subject to a robust set of safeguards and they can only be deployed in exceptional circumstances.