Judges are appointed by the Monarch on the recommendation of the Lord Chancellor. The exception is Justices of the Peace who are recruited by Local Advisory Committees.

The Judicial Appointments Commission, established as an independent body, selects and recommends candidates for appointment. The Judicial Appointments Commission has a statutory duty to "encourage diversity in the range of persons available for selection for appointments".

Justices of the Court of Appeal are appointed by the Monarch on the advice of the Prime Minister and the Lord Chancellor, following the recommendation of an independent selection panel chaired by the Lord Chief Justice.